What is Cholera and how do you get it? Cholera is a common bacterial disease that infects the intestinal tract. The bacteria lives in animal and human intestines and are shed through faeces which can cause severe diarrhoea, dehydration, vomiting, death and other if untreated on time.
How is Cholera spread? Humans become infected most frequently through contaminated water or food, containing the bacteria (can also be transferred by flies), spread in places with inadequate water treatment, hygiene and poor sanitation, Municipal water supplies, Vegetables grown with water containing human wastes and Raw or undercooked food caught in waters polluted with sewage.
Symptoms of Cholera: The incubation period ranges from several hours to two days. Signs and symptoms generally last two to seven days.
Possible signs and symptoms include:
Blood in stool
Is Cholera treatable? Cholera is treated by administration of oral rehydration salts to replace lost fluids and electrolytes using a simple rehydration solution, oral rehydration salts (ORS). The ORS solution is available as a powder that can be reconstituted in boiled or bottled water.
Check the next post for the infographic on Preventing Cholera! 🙂