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Cancer

Fight Germs by Washing Hands

Healthboxes Fight germs by washing hands

Remember Ebola? Yes? No? Well, I sure do and I still wash my hands as frequently as I can.

The cheapest, easiest, single best way to prevent the spread of germs is to wash your hands.
Dirty hands transmit germs. Washing your hands is the first line of defense against the spread of
infectious diseases. Germs: Viruses, Bacteria and Parasites are highly contagious and cause
infectious diseases. They could be spread through direct contact or are air-borne, but here’s the
most disgusting: germs could be transferred via faecal-oral route. Ewwww! When people eat
food or drink water contaminated with faeces.
Toddlers and infants are more susceptible to contagious diseases, as their bodies have not built up
resistance or immunity to them.
Pre-moistened towelettes, baby wipes or even hand sanitisers are not a substitute for proper hand
washing with soap and clean water.

Here’s what you need to know about proper hand washing:
• Always use clean water and an antibacterial or a mild soap.
• Wet your hands and apply a small amount of liquid soap. Rub hands together until a soapy lather appears. Wash and scrub between fingers, under fingernails the palms of the hands.
• Dry hands with a clean or even disposable towel. Turn the tap off using the towel or hand wipe as a barrier between your hands and the tap knob. Remember, dirty hands could have turned on the tap.
• Wash hands before eating or handling food, after using the toilet, after doing some dirty work or outdoor activities, or even handling pets.
• After using soap on hands, rinse hands under running water.
• Children should be taught to wash their hands immediately before and after eating, after using the toilet, after playing with pets or pet objects, after having some fun on the playground or whenever their hands are visibly dirty.
To make it easier, Children can be taught hand-washing games and songs. What do you think?
Do all these sound a bit like an obsession? Maybe, Maybe not. As you get used to the hand washing
routine, it comes naturally as swallowing your spit.

You can fight germs by simply washing your hands properly!

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Health

Quick Stress Busters

Healthboxes Quick stress busters
Stress can take a toll on your body’s natural defences, but here’s a compilation of a couple of stress reducing activities that can improve your
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Health

Drug Overdose: Facts

Healthboxes Drug Abuse Facts (1)
A drug is any substance when introduced to the body via any means causes physiological change. In pharmacology, a pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication
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Cancer

Breast Cancer Symptoms: What You Need to Know

Healthboxes Breast cancer symptoms

Physical examination of the breast is one way to find breast cancer. An important way to keep up with your breast health is to be aware of how your breasts normally look and feel, and know what changes to look for. But knowing what to look for does not take the place of having regular mammograms and other screening tests. Screening tests can help find breast cancer in its early stages, even before any symptoms appear.

Benign (non-cancerous) breast conditions are much more common than breast cancer, but it is important to let your doctor know about any changes in your breast so they can be checked out right away by a doctor experienced in diagnosing breast diseases.

Below are some common breast symptoms and what they might mean.

  • Lump in your breast: The most common symptom of breast cancer. Such lumps are often hard and painless, though some may be painful. There are a number of benign breast conditions (like cysts) that can cause lumps. It’s important to get your breasts checked. If it does turn out to be cancer, the sooner it’s diagnosed the better.
  • Swelling in or around your breast, collarbone, or armpit: Swelling can be caused by inflammatory breast cancer, a particularly aggressive form of the disease. The swelling may occur before you feel a lump in your breast, so if you have this symptom, be sure to see a doctor.
  • Skin thickening or redness: If the skin of your breast starts to feel like an orange peel or gets red, have it checked right away. Often, these are caused by mastitis, a breast infection common among women who are breast feeding. This form of breast cancer can look a lot like a breast infection, and because it grows quickly.
  • Breast warmth and itching: Like skin thickening and redness, breast warmth and itching may be symptoms of mastitis – or inflammatory breast cancer.
  • Nipple changes: Breast cancer may change how your nipple looks. If your nipple turns inward, or the skin on it thickens or gets red or scaly, get it checked by a doctor right away.
  • Nipple discharge: A discharge, other than milk, from the nipple may be alarming, but in most cases, it is caused by injury, infection, or a benign tumour (not cancer). Breast cancer is a possibility, though, especially if the fluid is bloody.
  • Pain: Although most breast cancers do not cause pain in the breast, some do. More often, women have breast pain or discomfort related to their menstrual cycle. Some other benign breast conditions like mastitis, may cause a more sudden pain. In these cases, the pain is not related to the menstrual cycle. If you have breast pain that is severe or persists and is not related to the menstrual cycle, you should be checked by your doctor.

Prevention and Outlook

There is no sure way to prevent breast cancer, but some lifestyle decisions can significantly reduce the risk of breast and other types of cancer. Like:

  • avoiding excess alcohol consumption
  • following a healthy diet with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
  • getting enough exercise
  • maintaining a healthy body mass index (BMI)

Easy steps of a Breast-Self Exam

    Step 1: Look at your breasts in the mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips. Look for Breasts that are their usual size, shape, and color, evenly shaped without visible distortion or swelling
Step 2: Now, raise your arms and look for the same changes.

 

Step 3: While you’re at the mirror, look for any signs of fluid coming out of one or both nipples (this could be a watery, milky, or yellow fluid or blood).
Step 4: Feel your breasts while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast. Use a firm, smooth touch with the first three fingers, keeping the fingers flat and together. Follow a pattern to be sure that you cover the whole breast.
Step 5: Finally, feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting. Many women find that the easiest way to feel their breasts is when their skin is wet and slippery, so they like to do this step in the shower.

Regular checks and screening can help detect symptoms early. Women should discuss their options with a doctor.

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