CAUSES AND PREVENTIONS OF WATER-BORNE DISEASES
Water-borne diseases remain a major cause of death and illness in developing countries. Africa accounts for a large percentage of these diseases, which include cholera, typhoid fever, infective hepatitis e.t.c
Water is one of Earth’s vital substances. Enormous numbers of individuals suffer due to lack of quality drinking water. Poor drinking water can cause poisoning or the growth of hazardous diseases caused by viruses, parasites or bacteria.
Human water-related illnesses are split into three kinds:
- Pathogens-contaminated water-borne diseases: bacteria and viruses including typhoid, cholera, dysentery, polio, gastroenteritis, VIRAL hepatitis A ;
- Diseases triggered by water-living parasites such as helminth as well as Schistosomiasis and Rishta.
- Skin and mucous membrane diseases resulting from the use of contaminated water for washing such as trachoma and leprosy ;
CAUSES OF WATER-BORNE DISEASES.
- Inadequate water
- Contaminated water treatment plants and water pipes
- Sewage discharge into water bodies
- Adequate natural conditions for the spread and survival of infectious agents in environmental artifacts
- Poor sewer management and treatment facilities
- Failure to comply with basic regulations of personal
PREVENTIONS OF WATER-BORNE DISEASES
- Strictly follow the hygiene laws of the After using the toilet and before cooking and eating, wash your hands carefully with soap and water.
- Only drink clean and safe Check that the water is clean and does not contain silt or sand impurities.
- Wash products carefully and heat to destroy harmful bacteria
- Maintain good environmental sanitation
- Avoid eating raw and uncooked foods.
- Heat leftover foods adequately before eating.
- Drink only water that has been boiled or disinfected with chlorine, iodine or other suitable products.
- Store sealed water container in a dark, dry, and cool place.
- Do not swallow water while swimming in swimming pools, hot tubs or interactive fountains, lakes, rivers, springs, ponds, streams or the ocean.
- If after six months you have not used the stored water, empty it from the containers
- Cap tightly the bottles or jug of water
- Do not drink untreated water from lakes, rivers, springs, ponds, streams, or shallow wells.
- Above all, Get vaccinated to safeguard yourself against
To prevent waterborne diseases, it is worth remembering that water for drinking and cooking should only be taken from centralized sources of drinking supply. Hence, If there is none in your location of living, you should filter and boil water, disinfect it in any way feasible. In addition, it is essential to refrain from bathing in questionable reservoirs with stagnant water. Take care of yourself and family!
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