CareDiseasesHealthLifestyleSexual Health

STD’s continue to take a heavy toll on our nation’s health

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Sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted from one person to the other through sexual activity, these include anal, vaginal or oral. The rate of sexually transmitted diseases and rape, especially of the underaged (child rape) has become a major public health challenge in Nigeria.

Some STDs have no cure, and only symptoms can be treated; others may be cured with a simple course of antibiotics (for bacterial infections). Contrary to popular belief, these infections cannot be transmitted from toilet seats.

Some of the most common STDs in Nigeria are:

  • Gonorrhea: It is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. There are more than 1.5 million cases of gonorrhea in Nigeria per year. The bacterial infection often only presents symptoms in men and is one of the easiest STIs to prevent by practicing safe sex. It also affects women and can be transmitted from mother to baby by pregnancy, labor, or nursing. Gonorrhea can lead to difficulty in becoming pregnant and even infertility if the fallopian tubes get damaged or blocked. It can be treated with antibiotics.


  • HIV/AIDS: Known as Human Immune Virus / Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome, HIV/AIDS is a common disease with more than 100,000 cases per year in Nigeria. Between 2.6 to 4.5 million people are living with HIV in Nigeria. Infection results in the progressive deterioration of the immune system, breaking down the body’s ability to fend off some infections and other diseases. HIV is spread mainly by having anal or vaginal sex or sharing injection drug equipment, such as needles, with a person who has HIV. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the use of HIV medicines to treat HIV infection.


  • Trichomoniasis: Trichomoniasis is caused by trichomoniasis vaginalis. More than 1.5 million cases per year in Nigeria. Symptoms include foul-smelling vaginal discharge, genital itching and painful urination in women. Men rarely have symptoms but if they do, it includes discharge from the penis.


  • Candidiasis: It affects up to 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lifetimes. Many women experience at least two episodes. Candidiasis is an infection caused by a yeast called Candida. Candida normally lives inside the body (in places such as the mouth, throat, gut and vagina) and on skin without causing any problems. They can multiply and cause an infection if the environment changes in a way that encourages its growth. It causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva. It is usually treated with antifungal medicine. Sexual contact can spread it, but women who aren’t sexually active can also get them. Once you get a yeast infection, you’re also more likely to get another one. It is usually treated with antifungal medicine.


  • Syphilis: It is a rare disease with fewer than 100,000 cases per year in Nigeria. As the early stages of this bacterial infection may go undetected, the prevalence of Syphilis in Nigeria has increased over the years. It is essential to get tested, as it eventually attacks your heart, brain, and internal organs. Syphilis is caused by the bacteria, Treponema pallidum and it starts as a painless sore. It can be transmitted from mother to baby by pregnancy, labor or nursing.

Common symptoms of STDs include:

  • Itching, burning, or inflamed genitals
  • Painful urination
  • Genital discharge

Prevention of STDs

  • Practicing safe sex, using latex condoms reduces your chance of infection.
  • Getting tested to know your sexual history and that of your partner. The more partners you have, the greater your risk of contracting an STI.
  • Immunization against certain infections, such as hepatitis B or HPV.

If left untreated, some infections can lead to cancer, liver conditions, infertility, and pregnancy complications with possible birth defects. Do you need to speak to someone about your sexual health problems? Call Healthboxes on 09091111129 or 08097560000 today.




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Cardiovascular Disease

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Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Cardiovascular diseases are
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Your Drugs and You

Your drugs and you

Taking your medicine as prescribed by a doctor or pharmacist is important for controlling chronic conditions, treating temporary conditions, and overall long-term health and well-being. A personal connection with your health-care provider or pharmacist is an important part of medication adherence. You should be able to ask questions about your ailment and drug treatment plan. You should always stick to your medication routine – taking your medications as prescribed – the right dose, at the right time, in the right way and frequency.




. Take your medications at the same time every day.
. Tie taking your medications with a daily routine like brushing your teeth or getting ready for bed. Before choosing mealtime for your routine, check if your medication should be taken on a full or empty stomach.
. Keep a “medicine calendar” with your pill bottles and note each time you take a dose.
. Use a pill container. Some types have sections for multiple doses at different times, such as morning, lunch, evening, and night.
. When using a pill container, refill it at the same time each week.

For example, every Sunday morning after breakfast.
. Purchase timer caps for your pill bottles and set them to go off when your next dose is due. Some pill boxes also have timer functions.
. When travelling, be certain to bring enough of your medication, plus a few days extra, in case your return is delayed.
. If you’re flying, keep your medication in your carry-on bag to avoid loss with luggage.






Here are some tips to help you take your medicines safely:
. Follow instructions. Read all medicine labels. Make sure to take your medicines the right way.
. Use the right amount. Don’t take a larger dose of a medicine thinking it will help you more. It can be very dangerous, even deadly.
. Take medicine on time. You can set timers and write reminders to take your medication.
. Turn on a light. Don’t take medicine in the dark; otherwise, you might make a mistake.
. Report problems. Call your doctor right away if you have any trouble with your prescription, experience side effects, or if you are worried that it might be doing more harm than good.
. Avoid drinking alcohol. Some medicines may not work correctly or may make you sick if alcohol is in your body.
. Check before stopping. Take prescription medicine until it’s finished or until your doctor says it’s all right to stop.
. Don’t share. Do not take medicines prescribed for another person or give yours to someone else.

Unwanted or unexpected symptoms or feelings that occur when you take medicine are called side effects.

Side effects can be relatively minor, such as a headache or a dry mouth. They can also be life-threatening, such as severe bleeding or irreversible damage to the liver or kidneys. Medications’ side effects also can affect your driving.

Want to know more about your drugs, its uses and side effect? Need a drug refill or request? Call Healthboxes on 09091111129 or 08097560000 to speak with one of our pharmacist and know more about your prescription.


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